Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons. A Network HD Remastering

December 15, 2017

When the opportunity came up to remaster all the episodes of Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons in high definition for the fifty year anniversary of the series, the Network team knew it would bring a new lease of life to the show. The quality has always been there in the model work, puppetry, cinematography and lighting, but with new scans from the original negatives this could be seen as never before.

The master A and B roll 35mm negatives were called in from the storage facilities and carefully checked and cleaned prior to being scanned. The scanning equipment was fine-tuned to capture all the detail inherent in the original film, and the resulting files were then passed through to a high-end grading system. Despite careful physical handling and cleaning, there will always be some dust and dirt remaining as well as a fair bit of inherent grain evident in the image. The level of high-frequency raw grain on the 35mm negative (original footage) is more than would have ever been seen on subsequent positive film prints, with a loss of fine detail between generations of film, therefore the team’s view is that this grain has to be curtailed to a degree. Digital processing of the scans therefore results in a subdued (helping the compression to Blu-ray down the line) but still evident grain field, along with concealment of fine dust and dirt particles. Within the grading project for each episode, the option is still retained to go back to raw scans should the team notice any problems.

As usual with the mastering process, each episode (including the first two episodes derived from an existing high definition master) will undergo scene-by-scene grading with adjustment of the colour balance, brightness and contrast of every shot, not only with an eye on quality but also sometimes the intentions of the narrative. Despite this being a puppet series, the sheer quality of the production and attention to detail means that it can be treated as live action as far as possible with regard to the grading process, examples being matching close-ups to wide shots, puppet stages to miniatures and lighting moods. The result should be a viewing experience as close as possible to the intentions of the highly talented production team and certainly way beyond the level of clarity that viewers could even imagine back in 1967.

Dupe (duplicated) footage is another issue altogether with the shots having already been copied through several generations of film printing to re-use stock sequences or create optical effects. With Captain Scarlet, there is much use of stock shots in most episodes for scenes such as cloud-base, the angel interceptors being launched, the opening title sequence, generic episode sequences and so on. This type of footage often suffers from poor definition, varying picture levels, instability, flare, severe grain and much printed dirt and sparkle. It would be uneconomic to clean-up repeated shots over and over where essentially the same footage appears across multiple episodes so, as work progresses on the series, a library of processed, graded and cleaned stock shots is built-up. However, when it comes to using them in another episode it sometimes is apparent that a different section of the original footage has been used or an alternative take, in which case it’s back to square one in terms of improving the dupe footage. In an ideal world, the master negative of each complete library sequence shot would still exist enabling them all to be replaced to first generation quality in all episodes to match the surrounding material but sadly this isn’t the case. Fortunately, a master inter-positive of the opening title sequence with captions was retained and this has been used for all of the programmes except the end of episode one which features a longer fade of Captain Scarlet’s credit.

Unlike most of the live action, ITC series which employ a single roll master negative and hence require dupe footage for fades and dissolves, the A/B nature of this series allows for these to be produced without a quality drop. When a dissolve is required the two shots (or one shot and a section of spacing in the case of a fade) overlap on the separate A and B rolls of film. In the printing process, the light source faded in and out at the appropriate moment during both passes (A and B) to create the dissolve. In the digital age this is reproduced with a suitably rendered dissolve effect that mimics the original characteristics of film printing. For whatever reason, it was noted that the prints utilised for the standard definition remastering (used as a conforming guide) often featured episode start and end fades that curtailed a good few seconds of footage existing in the negative. As many of these had accompanying music stings that seemed to last a lot longer than the visual (previously over black) it was decided to move the fade to maximise the available footage on the negative. Often this results in a better timed visual and music transition. Also, the use of scans as opposed to a telecine transfer has highlighted size differences between the exposed frames of the model shots compared with the puppet stages. The former generally utilises a full silent-gate aperture which when printed up would normally be cropped to the standard academy ratio used in the final sound prints. Where possible, these new masters will exhibit more picture area on these types of shots giving a wide view of the model scape, taking care that scene edges are not made visible.

The fifteen-year-old standard definition master from 35mm prints were fine in their day and gave the opportunity for many to see the series in an improved digital form on DVD, but times move on and these new Blu-ray releases will bring amazing detail to fans showcasing the incredible level of work that originally went into producing this Gerry Anderson classic.

Jonathan Wood

Restoration Colourist


  1. David Convery Reply

    Personally speaking Vol 1 is an outstanding DVD from DVD packaging to its HD quality. The colours are vivid and the sound is superb. I’ve noticed parts of certain ‘set’ detail I had never seen before. A huge and massive ‘Thank you’ to everyone involved in this… has certainly been worth every effort and is excellent value for money..

  2. Chris Reply

    What a most interesting article on the technicalities of producing the Blue Ray edition of this legendary Ferry Anderson series. I personally spent most of my working life with 35mm optical and magnetic prints and can fully appreciate the inherent problems that the restoration team encountered in finally bringing this magical series to a standard of viewing experience we never thought possible, A big thank you to Jonathan Wood and the restoration team.

  3. Steve Sullivan Reply

    CAPTAIN SCARLET BD RELEASE: I find these re-mastering insights fascinating to read, having no idea that so much effort is made to extract the very best possible picture and audio quality from master material. This is one area where Britain is world leader – even beating the USA – just try to think how many American TV series are released in beautifully restored BD. I can only think of one – Star Trek. I salute Jonathan Wood and his team. (Didn’t I used to see his name on the credits to some 1970s childrens’ BBCtv series?).
    Having grown up with Gerry Anderson’s Supermarionation series which I used to watch on LWT over the weekends Captain Scarlet is probably my favourite as it focuses on the darker more sinister side. There are moments where one can momentarily forget that the characters are puppets, such is the professionalism of the production. And that these were shot on 35mm film gives us that unique ‘filmic’ atmosphere – as if the proceedings the audience is watching are almost ‘living’ – which VT based productions lack. Once again, Network are to be praised for such a wonderful restoration, and I looked forward to buying the whole series. (Now I wonder whether Network would consider a restoration of various BBC series which are probably unlikely to be released by the Beeb, for example ‘Target’ starring Patrick Mower?)

    • Greg Chapman Reply

      Sadly, ‘Target’ will not be released due to the show’s creator putting a block in it’s release, as I have already enquired with the BBC and it’s affiliates regarding the title.

  4. Jonathan Baxter Reply

    Having bought Volume 1, I thought that these new copies looked stunning – it is like watching a brand new show! Congratulations to all the team who worked on the restoration. I like the packaging too – utilising some of the splendid end credits artwork by Ron Embleton and the proper series logo (unlike that distorted version currently in circulation). I am looking forward to obtaining the complete series. I only hope that Joe 90 and Stingray will be given the HD restoration treatment and released in the near future.

  5. thomas farrell Reply

    The blu-ray of the Lost In Space tv series is sensational. Buy it.

  6. Kes Green Reply

    Nothing has been said about frame-rate, but I assume it’s 24 frames-per-second? It looks like the original Aspect Ratio has been maintained apart from some model shots, which I’m glad about. I remember a release of Thunderbirds, where it had been converted to 16:9. I don’t even know if there is an HD version of Thunderbirds in the original AR. Does anyone know?

  7. andrew chard Reply

    Magnificent and stunning . Network on air are world leaders for the stunning restorations they are doing for the beloved ITC catalogue . I look forward to , at some point in the near future , restored hd releases of the baron and the champions . Sincere and grateful thanks to everyone concerned at network . Your making this 49 year old ITC fan an extremely happy person .

  8. Retrobuddy Reply

    Many thanks for the illuminating feature on Captain Scarlet’s restoration – I especially savour articles of this
    type.I am a first generation Anderson kid/fan who watched from day one all of his iconic series from ‘Four Feather Falls’ right through ‘Secret Service’ and the live action U.F.O. These shows were the soundtrack to my 1960’s childhood (of course, today this makes me rather old!).It has been a joy for me to see these ‘old friends’ beautifully restored (but more importantly, at the same time accorded the respect they deserve) for both old and new/future generations.I agree with Steve that Network’s restorations are the benchmark by which all others should be judged.My personal hope is that Network will finally provide ‘Thunderbirds’ with the accolade it so truly deserves (and at the same time gives fans what they truly want ) a complete series blu ray restoration box set in the original 4:3 ratio.This set is long overdue, not least because of ‘Thunderbirds’ iconic and historical position in popular culture of the 1960’s; I believe that we have a duty to preserve these celluloid legends. I am the owner of the ‘Supermarionation’ & U.F.O box sets, and Network’s presentation/work on these have left me begging for more! As an avid ITC fan also, I would dearly love to see a blu ray restoration set of ‘The Champions’ to keep my ‘Department S’ set company.

  9. Darren Hayward Reply

    I wonder if a separate bluray of the 2 Captain Scarlet compilation movies from 1981 will be released with newly commissioned Wide-screen versions and the original video masters from the 80s like many of the recent ITC Blurays

  10. Stephen Braddick Reply

    Having just brought this stunning restoration release and being amazed by the level of colour and detail that can now be seen in each episode. I wondered if it would be possible, once the four volumes have been released if Network could supply a slip case for them as this would keep them together on the shelf and make a nice presentation for the series

    Many thanks for all your hard work in restoring these wonderful tv series

  11. Alan Paterson Reply

    Excellent job on the Blu-ray release of ‘Captain Scarlet’ box set. It was my favourite Gerry Anderson show as a kid. The colours, image density and sharpness are impressive to say the least. Congratulations and thanks to the team involved with the restoration, transfer and clean up. 35mm looks great.
    It’s a real shame that the later Gerry Anderson show ‘Terrahawks’ was shot on 16mm. I have the Blu-ray box set of this too but it is what it is. Still nice to have.
    Keep up the good work.

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